Vermont Gazetteer

Vermont - Basic Information

Became a State: March 4, 1791 - 14th State
Population: 625,741 (2010 Census) - Ranks 49th
Land Area: 9,216.7 square miles - Ranks 43rd
Population Density: 67.9 persons per square mile - Ranks 30th
Housing Units: 322,539 (2010 Census)
Housing Unit Density: 35.0 housing units per square mile
July 1, 2015 Estimates: Vermont Data and Demographics
State Capital: Montpelier
State Website: Official State of Vermont Website
Vermont State Flag
Vermont state flag

Vermont History


The area of Vermont was part of the original territory of the United States. It was included in the Charter of New England in 1620, but was later included in grants creating New York in 1664 and 1674. Representatives of 51 towns in the present area declared an independent state of “New Connecticut alias Vermont” in 1777, but also referred to the area as the “New Hampshire Grants.” New York consented to the statehood separation of Vermont, which was admitted to the Union on February 18, 1791, as the 14th state, with generally the same boundary as the present state.

Census data for Vermont are available beginning with the 1790 census.

Data for the legally established state of Vermont are available beginning with the 1800 census.

Vermont Geographical Areas

See: Geographic Terms & Concepts

Counties & County Equivalents

Interactive Map of Vermont Counties | Static Overview Map of Vermont Counties

There are 14 counties in Vermont.  All counties are functioning governmental entities.  The principal administrative officers of each county are two assistant or side judges.

County Subdivisions

There are 255 county subdivisions in Vermont.  There are 242 towns with functioning, but not necessarily active, governments each governed by a board of selectmen.  Five of these towns—Averill, Ferdinand, Glastenbury, Lewis, and Somerset—are inactive governmental entities.  The nine cities in Vermont are independent of MCDs and serve as county subdivisions.  The three gores and one grant are nonfunctioning nongovernmental geographic subdivisions of the county. 

Places (Incorporated Cities, Towns & Census Designated Places (CDPs))

Vermont has 119 places; 46 incorporated places and 73 census designated places (CDPs).  The incorporated places consist of 9 cities and 37 villages.  The nine cities are independent of MCDs and serve as nine county subdivisions.  Jericho village is inactive.  Villages are dependent within county subdivision. 

Alphabetical List of Cities, Towns, CDPs and Other Populated Places
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q, R | S | T | U, V | W, X, Y, Z

Neighborhood Data

Address Based Hyperlocal Data Input an address and get data & demographics for the pertinent census block group (CBG), a searchable map and a customized directory. The CBG is the smallest geographical unit used by the Census Bureau for reporting certain data.

Vermont Civil Features

Vermont Civil Features: Political Subdivisions, Native Areas, Land Grants, etc. - sorted by Census Class Codes.

Metropolitan and Micropolitan Stastical Areas

There are 1 Metropolitan and 3 Micropolitan Statistical Areas in Vermont. VT Metopolitan & Micropolitan Areas

Vermont ZIP Code Tabulation Areas

There are 255 ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) in Vermont. View Vermont ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps.

School Districts

Vermont has 175 elementary school districts, 34 secondary school districts, and 64 unified school districts.  The Dresden unified school district is an interstate school district with schools in both Hanover, New Hampshire and Norwich, Vermont.  The Rivendell unified school district is an interstate school district with schools in Orford, New Hampshire and Fairlee, Vermont. View Vermont Public and Private Schools.

Congressional Districts

Vermont has 1 congressional districts. An interactive map shows the contact information for each Representative as well as the boundaries for each Vermont district. View Map of Vermont Congressional Districts.

State Legislative Districts

There are 13 state senate districts and 108 state house districts in Vermont.

Other Information Of General Geographic Interest

Montpelier, VT has the smallest population of any state capital with just 7,855 people (as of the 2010 Census).

Vermont Physical, Cultural and Historic Features

  1. Vermont Physical Features such as lakes, islands, streams, valleys, summits, etc.
  2. Vermont Cultural Features such as schools, churches, hospitals, parks, dams, reservoirs, etc.
  3. Vermont Historical Features and Vermont Historic Landmarks

Vermont Maps

  • To find a ZIP Code: input the address in the top-left search box of any ZIP Code Map.
  • To find the County: input the address in the top-left search box of the interactive VT map.
  • To find the School Attendance Zone: input the address in the top-left search box of any VT school map

Vermont Census Data Comparison Tool

Compare Vermont Census Data
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